Operation pedestal known in malta as the santa marija convoy was a british operation to carry supplies to the island of malta in august 1942, during the second world war malta was a base from which british ships, submarines and aircraft attacked axis convoys to the axis forces in libya and egypt, during the north. Naval historical branch information brief 1 operation pedestal convoy to malta august 11-15 1942 by dr malcolm llewellyn-jones historian, naval historical branch. Operation pedestal by john a mizzi to mark the 70th anniversary of the santa marija convoy, midsea books in collaboration with maltapost will publish a commemorative book about this historic event written by the expert war writer john a mizzi, this 96-page a4 publication gives a detailed account of the operation and. Operation pedestal part 1, 10th - 12th august 1942 this was probably the hardest fought convoy action of the war, between august 10th-14th 1942, the rn fought through a convoy to malta of 13 merchant ships and a tanker. The ordeal of the pedestal convoy saved the island of malta at a tremendous price. The pedestal convoy, convoy ws521s, operation pedestal major convoy to supply malta list of ships and merchant men and text courtesy of pete knight. Documentary by 1942, the fight between the allies and the axis for control of the mediterranean is focused on tiny malta from there, british aircraft and submarines have been preying on enemy supply see full summary. The damaged tanker ohio, supported by royal navy destroyers, approaches malta after an epic voyage across the mediterranean as part of convoy ws21s ( operation pedestal) to deliver fuel and other vital supplies to the besieged island ohio's back was broken and her engines failed during heavy german and italian.
Pedestal was the codename given to the allied operation to attempt to resupply the island of malta, it would employ the largest escort force yet deployed for a single convoy it was an operation that simply had to succeed whatever the cost it was therefore decided that only fast (15 knots) merchant ships were to be included. Operation pedestal was the most important convoy to set sail for malta at this point in time, malta was on the verge of losing all capability of resisting axis air attacks it's oil supply had run to dangerously low levels and ammunition was scarce the 14 ship convoy consisted of the ohio, santa elisa, almeria. Operation pedestal and ss ohio save malta in mid-1942, the war was going badly for the allies during the first six months u-boats sank 3,250,000 tons of shipping in the atlantic (an average freighter was 7,000 tons) rommel rolled through northern africa, threatening the suez canal, but stopped 35 miles short of.
It's 1942, the second world war rages on and malta is under siege the small mediterranean island had been bombarded for almost two years by enemy forces keen to control this strategic post the siege had taken its toll, the people of malta and the personnel tasked with protecting her were starving. How operation pedestal to save malta during the second world war unfolded. Subtitles/cc available operation pedestal: 11th august 1942 fortress malta is besieged desperate for food and fuel the relief convoy is within sight the i.
Operation pedestal was an operation by the british to provide supplies to malta in 1942 during world war ii in order to attack axis forces in north africa. In ever dwindling numbers, elderly war veterans keep their annual mid-august appointment in valletta's grand harbour to take part in a commemorative service marking the anniversary of operation pedestal known to the maltese as the santa marija convoy (as it had reached the island on the feast day of.
Ran ships: none noted publication: december 2004 edition of the naval historical review (all rights reserved) in august 1942 british merchant navy veteran ray morton was an eyewitness to one of the most celebrated allied achievements of world war ii – operation pedestal, or the convoy of santa. This year malta is celebrating the 70th anniversary of the award of the george cross on april 15, 1942, and the arrival of the convoy codenamed operation pedestal, commonly known as the santa marija convoy, on august 15 of that year these are probably the two most important dates highlighting. Operation pedestal: the story of the santa marija convoy [john mizzi] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers in 1942 an epic naval operation was mounted so as to relieve malta from the onslaught of attacks by the forces of the axis this operation was codenamed “pedestal”- or “il-convoy ta' santa.
Hms eagle in the mediterranean in february 1942 during operation spotter a supermarine spitfire flies off hms eagle to reinforce the air defence of malta fifteen spitfires, flown by replacement pilots for the much depleted no 249 squadron raf, reached the island successfully during this operation 11 august: the loss. In 1942 the mediterranean island of malta was on the brink of surrender after two and a half years of constant bombing but the island, and its artil. Carrying food, diesel oil, coal, and vital aviation fuel, 14 merchant ships escorted by 34 naval warships would attempt to get through to the beleaguered island of malta during the three days and nights that followed, the convoy - codenamed ' operation pedestal' - would endure the most ferocious and heaviest bombardment.
Commemorating the 70th anniversary of operation pedestal also known as il- convoy ta' santa marija, 1942-2012 operation pedestal: saving malta operation pedestal highlights one of the most difficult yet glorious moments in maltese history and is today remembered as the il-convoy ta' santa marija seventy years. (version francais ci-dessous) in the wake of operation pedestal, celebrating the 75th birthday of the convoy that saved malta a big name, but one that covers a very important item operation pedestal was not only very important for malta in august 1942, but has proved decisive for the further course of wwii read the. Operation pedestal convoy to malta in the summer of 1942, under the utmost secrecy, a convoy comprising fourteen of the fastest merchant ships afloat, departed scotland bound for the tiny island of malta, in the eastern mediterranean under orders from winston churchill the convoy was to be escorted by. Force f operation pedestal force as a whole, including force z force f, less force z hms nelson, battleship, flagship vice admiral sir e n syfret, senior officer captain h b jacomb hms rodney, battleship, captain j w rivett-carnac hms eagle, aircraft carrier, captain l d mackintosh hms indomitable, aircraft carrier,.
Hms indomitable & victorious operation pedestal crucial convoy to malta, august 10-12, 1942. 15 august: the arrival of the ohio at malta: the tanker ohio discharging oil into the oilers boxall and plumleaf the ohio was probably the most important ship in the convoy with her cargo of 11000 tons of petrol which was desperately needed to maintain the aircraft flying from malta. Operation pedestal august 11-13, 1942 gauntlet is a low to moderate complexity wargame simulation of this epic naval battle an axis victory would almost certainly have led the island's surrender and occupation, that conventional wisdom says may have reversed the tide of war in the mediterranean and north africa.